Roasted Cabbage

Roasted Cabbage Close-up

When I posted a shot of this roasted cabbage on Instagram a few weeks back, it quickly became one of my most liked photos.

Why? I would guess that it’s because people gravitate toward things that are both simple and beautiful—in life, in others, and especially in food. I love that. I get that.

We started roasting cabbage like this last summer, back when our CSA haul featured cabbage almost weekly. Months later, we’re still eating it this way, usually as part of a quick weeknight meal along with some sausage and white beans in olive oil (recipe coming soon). Leftovers always go into my lunches along with some feta or goat cheese.

Roasting vegetables is one of my favorite cooking methods. The process is simple yet it results in such full flavors and textures that you really can’t help but love the end result. I understand people not liking steamed vegetables. But roasted ones? Come on. They’re dreamy.

In the case of cabbage, roasting the rounds whole creates an end result so tender that you can even eat the core. The inner ribbons turn silky soft, while the very outer edges char slightly and taste similar to a kale chip, only a million times better. If you never thought cabbage could be addicting, try this and get back to me.

Roasted Cabbage Before Roasted Cabbage After

Roasted Cabbage
Use the biggest, sharpest knife you have for cutting the cabbage and be very careful, as the whole thing can take a little work to cut through. The garlic is optional. You can also sprinkle any dried herbs you like on top, such as oregano, thyme, or whatever goes best with the rest of your meal. I just kept mine simple here.

One whole cabbage, red or green
Olive oil, for brushing
Salt and pepper
Garlic cloves, whole (unpeeled or peeled—unpeeled is probably better to avoid burning)

Preheat oven to 425 degrees.

Place the cabbage upright on a cutting board, core/stem side on the bottom. Slice straight down into one-inch thick rounds, or as close to that as you can get. It doesn’t need to perfect.

Place rounds on a baking sheet. Brush both sides with olive oil and sprinkle generously with salt (I use kosher) and pepper. I find cabbage needs quite a bit of salt, so don’t be shy. Place a few garlic cloves on the sheet along with the cabbage, brushing with a little olive oil as well.

Roast for about 30 minutes, until the tip of a knife slips easily through the core. Smash the roasted garlic cloves into the cabbage and serve.


Lemon Rice

Lemon Rice 2

A few weeks ago, one of my closest friends came over for an Indian cooking lesson. We made two things: coconut chutney and this lemon rice. There were very few leftovers.

Lemon rice is a simple, home-style, spiced rice dish. It isn’t often found on Indian restaurant menus, but it is a very typical offering at Hindu temples, where food is offered (for free) following most ceremonies. Because it contains no onion or garlic, which are not permitted inside temples, and can easily be made on a large scale (they serve it from enormous steel bowls), it’s a common feature there.

I was hooked the first time I tried it—slightly citrusy, with bursts of flavor and spice from the mustard seeds, cumin seeds, and peanuts. It’s a dish that goes well with just about any meal. We sometimes have it as a snack too, alongside strong, Indian-style tea.

White basmati is the preferred rice for this dish, as it is for most Indian meals. It has a wonderfully aromatic flavor, takes 10 minutes to cook, is light on the stomach, and is perfectly suited to both Indian and non-Indian meals alike. While I do like brown rice once in awhile, I do not eat it on a regular basis. For one, it contains higher levels of arsenic than white rice (Consumer Reports), and it is also high in phytic acid.

What is phytic acid? It’s an anti-nutrient found in the outer bran of brown rice that prevents us from absorbing many of the nutrients found within (white rice has its outer bran removed so while it is slightly more refined, it’s easier to digest). Unless brown rice is soaked or sprouted before cooking, which breaks down that pesky phytic acid barrier, your body can’t get much out of it. Kind of like eating a locked treasure chest full of healthy food, instead of opening it and eating the food itself. So if you’re not going to soak or sprout your brown rice, just go for white and don’t worry about it.

Lemon Rice
If you’ve never had Indian mustard seeds before, I really encourage you to buy a pack and give them a try—they are tiny and black and pop like popcorn when you put them in hot oil. They have a complex, addicting flavor; not so much mustardy as deeply nutty and a little pungent (they are not hot/spicy). Fresh curry leaves can be found at any Indian grocery store. Finally, note that the vibrant color of this dish comes more from the turmeric powder used than the lemon juice.

2 to 4 tablespoons oil or ghee (I use a combination of almond oil and ghee)
1/4 cup raw peanuts or cashews
1 teaspoon black mustard seeds
1/2 teaspoon cumin seeds
5 to 6 fresh curry leaves
1 to 2 Indian green chilies, finely chopped (skip if you are spice-adverse)
1/2 to 1 teaspoon turmeric powder
2 to 3 cups cooked basmati rice (leftover, cold rice is best)
1 teaspoon sugar (optional)
3 tablespoons fresh lemon juice
Salt, to taste
Fresh cilantro, for serving

Heat 1 tablespoon of your oil/ghee in a large pan with lid. Once hot, add nuts, lower heat and fry until lightly golden. Remove from oil and set aside.

Add remaining oil and heat until very hot (this is essential for getting the mustard seeds to pop—do not use regular butter or an oil like olive oil for this, as it will burn before it gets hot enough). Add the mustard seeds and immediately cover with the lid. The seeds should immediately start popping and spluttering wildly, just like popcorn. Let them do their thing for a minute or so, until the popping dies down, then lower heat to medium. You don’t want it as hot when you add the next ingredients, or they will burn.

Add the cumin seeds, curry leaves, and green chili and fry for another minute. The cumin seeds and curry leaves will turn a deeper brown—again, just be careful not to let them burn. Add the turmeric powder and allow it to dissolve into the oil.

Add cooked rice and stir to combine. The rice will absorb the tumeric-tinged oil and begin turning a lovely shade of yellow. You can add a pinch more turmeric if you don’t think yours is yellow enough, though give it a few minutes first, as it sometimes take a little time for the full color to come out. If your rice begins sticking to the bottom of the pot, add a bit more oil (or a little water) and lower the heat.

Cook for 5 to 10 minutes, until the rice is hot and the flavors are well absorbed. Add lemon juice, mixing well, then sugar and salt to taste.

Garnish with fresh cilantro and serve warm.

This masala dabba, or spice box, contains our most-utilized Indian spices. Turmeric is front and center, followed by (clockwise): red chili powder, black mustard seeds, cumin seeds, urad dal (a split lentil used in seasonings), cumin powder, and coriander powder. It comes with a glass cover and lid and makes Indian cooking a breeze.

This masala dabba, or spice box, contains our most-utilized Indian spices. Turmeric is front and center, followed by (clockwise, from top left): red chili powder, black mustard seeds, cumin seeds, urad dal (a split lentil used in seasonings), cumin powder, and coriander powder. The dabba comes with a glass cover and lid and makes Indian cooking a breeze as you can access your spices in one go. They’re available online, and at many Indian grocers.

Ghee & Healthy Fats

Ghee 1

I wanted to share with you today what fats and oils I use in my kitchen on a daily basis. This seems to be a confusing area for a lot of people (it definitely was for me when I first started cooking).

As with most else, I favor the most traditional and pure choices I can find. For me, these are coconut oil, olive oil, almond oil, and butter/ghee. From their names alone, you know their source, which already says something, doesn’t it?

Why no canola oil, no vegetable oil, no sunflower/safflower oil? Because these are highly refined oils that are nowhere near healthy choices. In brief, refined oils are made by highly intensive mechanical and chemical processes that extract the oil from the seeds. The oil is then heated until it goes rancid, then oxidized/deodorized to remove any off-scents. The oxidation factor makes these oils more likely to break down into those nasty things known as free radicals, which wreak havoc on our bodies and health. I’ll pass.

Here’s a little more about the oils I do love and why/where I use them. [There are a few others I use less frequently, such as red palm oil, pastured lard, bacon grease, and schmaltz, but the following five are my daily staples.]

Coconut oil. Great for higher heat cooking (like shallow-frying) and roasting vegetables. The oil itself has antifungal and antimicrobial properties; is uniquely high in medium chain trigylcerides (MCTs), which contribute to brain health; and has been used by traditional, tropical cultures for centuries. It has a slight coconut flavor, so I often use half coconut oil and half butter or ghee when cooking. I also like to use it in baking (like in these cookies). Brand-wise, I either order through the online company Tropical Traditions, or just go with Whole Foods’ 365 brand.

Almond oil. This oil has a very neutral flavor and is great for high-heat cooking, which is what a lot of Indian dishes require (its smoke point, or the highest heat it can sustain without burning, is 420 degrees F). It’s also high in healthy monounsaturated fats. I think this is one of those oils that will only grow in popularity as more people learn about it. [Interestingly, Indians also use it as an all-natural hair and skin moisturizer.] We buy it from the Indian grocery store for about $10/bottle, so it’s similar in price to olive oil.

Olive oil. This is one that will always be one of my favorites. We all know good olive oil is for us; like almond oil, it’s high in monounsaturated fat, which can help reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke. I like to use it for lighter applications that require no or little heating, such as in salad dressings, as a dip for bread, or for light sauteing. I always look for extra-virgin, cold-pressed when I can find it. For the past year or so, we’ve been ordering direct from a family-run farm in California (Chaffin Family Orchards). Their olive oil is 100% cold pressed and extra virgin, and it’s the best olive oil I’ve ever had. We actually bought 10 gallons this year to split with family and friends. Our gallons arrive in March, so in the meantime, we use the brand pictured below, which has been reviewed as one of the best-tasting, most affordable store-bought choices (Real Simple magazine).

Butter. I’ve always been on Team Butter (heck, one my favorite books to edit was called Back to Butter—I highly recommend it). Butter, grassfed especially, is rich in vitamins A, E, and K2. It is a healthy saturated fat in moderation. I use it mostly for making eggs and for toast, of course. I like Kerrygold brand, which is grassfed and rich in both flavor and color (and those aforementioned vitamins). I also like Trader Joe’s organic butter, which is what I use in the recipe for ghee below.

Ghee. Ghee is butter that has been cooked down to remove all of its milk solids, lactose, and proteins. This process raises the overall smoke point, meaning that you can cook with ghee at a higher temperature than you can with butter, without it burning. Ghee is also easier to digest—many people with dairy allergies can even tolerate it—and it is more concentrated in nutrients than regular butter.

Ghee is a traditional cooking fat; it’s a staple of Indian cooking. We use it there, as well as for pan-frying fish and meat, and sauteing and roasting vegetables. We also eat it on its own, alongside Indian flatbreads like paratha. There’s really no place it doesn’t belong. The taste is phenomenal. Like concentrated butter with a hint of nuttiness.

I make ghee at home rather than buying it from the store because 1) it tastes even better, and 2) it’s more affordable, at about 1/3 the price of store-bought. You can use it just as you would any other oil or cooking fat. One pound of butter makes one large jar, which can be stored at room temperature for weeks or even months, though ours never really lasts that long…

Fats and Oils

I’ve used all sorts of butter to make ghee, and both unsalted and salted varieties, but my very favorite is Trader Joe’s brand organic salted butter. It makes the most beautiful ghee (pictured above) and tastes so.damn.good. Salted butter, for me at least, seems to froth up a bit less when cooking down and I think it brings out the flavor of the ghee more. Either salted or unsalted, in any brand, will work though.

1 lb (4 sticks) butter, preferably organic and/or grassfed

Place butter in a saucepan over low to medium heat. Cook for 20 to 30 minutes, reducing the heat as needed. During this time, the butter will be simmering and bubbling gently, and may pop occasionally. It will foam up at first as well, which you can scrap off and discard, or just leave it until it cooks off.

You can tell the ghee is done in a few different ways—it will begin to smell wonderfully nutty; it will turn golden in color, with perhaps a few brown bits at the bottom; and the burbling will have quieted down to just an occasional pop/sizzle here and there. Keep in mind that you don’t want browned butter, however, so don’t let it go too far.

Let cool then strain into a jar through a very fine-mesh strainer or a larger strainer lined with a piece of cheese cloth. You don’t want any foam or other bits to get through or they will burn when you go to heat the ghee for cooking (these bits lower its smoke point), so strain carefully.

The ghee will solidify as it cools. Store in the fridge or cupboard.

Ghee 2

Thai Red Curry

Curry Meal 2

Have you ever wondered how, no matter what Thai restaurant you go to, the curries taste almost exactly the same? Thai green curry here = Thai green curry there, and so on.

Either there’s some really phenomenal master recipe they all keep sharing, or they’re all using the same (ready-made) curry paste.

Spoiler alert: I’m 99 percent sure it’s the latter.

I certainly don’t blame them though. Curry pastes are a very complicated thing. They require a long list of ingredients, many of which most of us don’t readily have access to (lemongrass, galangal, kaffir lime leaves, etc.), and a good deal of measuring, chopping, blending, pounding, and so on. I remember making one once, and it took me the better part of an afternoon. If the end result had been outstanding, it might have been worth it, but sadly, it wasn’t.

Enter Maesri-brand curry pastes, aka small little tins of magic. I read about them on an Asian cooking blog years ago, and bought a can the next time I was at our local ethnic grocery store, because, to my amazement, it only contained real ingredients. Here is the label for Maesri’s red curry paste: “Ingredients: dried red chilies, garlic, shallot, salt, lemongrass, sugar, kaffir lime, galangal, spices (coriander seeds, cumin, cardamom). Product of Thailand.” Amazing, right? No fillers, no food colors, no things-you-can’t-pronounce. Better still, the flavors will blow you away. It’s restaurant-quality… quite literally.

It’s probably already assumed that we eat very few canned/packaged goods in our household, which is true, but we do have a few exceptions: diced tomatoes, coconut milk, and this curry paste. The last two combine to build the foundation of the wonderful Thai red curry recipe below. Add in whatever meat/veg you like, boil up some rice, and in less than 30 minutes, you have one fantastic meal on your plates. It’s one of our weeknight staples. I hope it becomes one of yours, too.

[A note on Thai curry, if you’ve never had one: they are only mildly spicy (nothing close to Indian curries). My best description would be richly flavored, subtly sweet, and creamy. Most people, kids included, enjoy them. Green, red, and yellow Thai curries are three of the most popular. I’ve used red here, but the pastes can easily be interchanged (the red has a very tiny amount of sugar; many of the others do not, such as green). Red and green are our top choices, but there are quite a few different varieties made by Maesri (some of which contain soybean oil, so I avoid those).]

Curry Close-Up

Thai Red Curry
A few notes: You can really use any vegetables or protein you want (or skip that part and make it vegetarian). In other iterations, we’ve used shrimp, mushrooms, water chestnuts, bamboo shoots, and asparagus—all with great success. You really can’t go wrong. As for the coconut milk, I always use full-fat because I love how thick and creamy it is… and because I truly believe that healthy, unadulterated fats are better for you than “skim” anything (if you really want a lighter version though, just use one can of coconut milk + water).

1 small can Maesri red curry paste (here’s what they look like)
1 1/2 to 2 cans full-fat coconut milk (I like Aroy-D brand because it has no preservatives)
1 lb boneless chicken thighs or breasts, cut into one-inch pieces
1 red bell pepper, cut into one-inch pieces
1 yellow zucchini/squash, cut into one-inch pieces
10 baby bok choy, ends trimmed
Scallions, for garnish
Thai basil leaves, torn, for garnish (optional)
Jasmine rice, for serving

Combine the curry paste and 1 1/2 cans coconut milk in a large pot or saucepan, whisking to combine. Bring sauce to a simmer over medium high heat, stirring occasionally with a spatula so it doesn’t scorch.

Once hot, add the chicken pieces and simmer for 20 to 30 minutes. (If you’re using chicken breasts, this will probably take less time. We always use organic chicken thighs because they have more flavor and are absolutely delicious when cooked in sauce or for long periods. Instead of becoming stringy like breast meat, they become mind-bendingly soft and tender. I encourage you to give them a try even if you “think” you don’t like them; I’ve converted quite a few people who were previously on the fence about them). Add remaining coconut milk if you think it needs it.

Once the chicken is done, add all of the vegetables and cook for another 3 to 4 minutes only, until vegetables are just cooked, but still have their color and a little bite. Add salt if you think it needs some.

Garnish with scallions and serve hot with rice.

My favorite way to cook jasmine rice: Rinse grains thoroughly and soak in water for 15 to 30 minutes, while you’re preparing the rest of your meal. –> Bring a large pot of water to a boil. Add drained/soaked rice and boil for 10 minutes, just as you would pasta. –> Drain and return rice to pot. Cover and let sit/steam for a few minutes. Serve hot.

Eating our way through Bangkok in 2011.

Eating our way through Bangkok, Thailand in 2011. Any country where street food is the food is a country for me.

Perfect Hard-Boiled Eggs

Eggs and Almond Butter Toast

If you follow me on Instagram, you might notice that eggs are sort of my where’s waldo food. They appear in countless photos. I love them. A lot.

I eat one hardboiled egg as part of almost every weekday breakfast, and usually pack one to go with lunch as well, whether that’s in a big salad or alongside some cooked grains and roasted veggies. If I’m working from home, I’ll throw a fried egg on top of my rice bowl. On the weekends, we brunch on Indian-style omelets spiked with cilantro, green chilies, tomato, and red onion.

We buy our eggs from a local farmer couple named Wes & Lou. They keep two coolers full of eggs outside their house, along with whatever else they have in season, and you pay based on the honor system. Usually there’s a chicken or two clucking around you while you scrounge up your cash (free range is an understatement here).

Wes and Lou’s eggs are phenomenal. The yolks are always a rich yellow-orange hue and they taste both fresh and natural, as eggs should. Some are huge and have a double-yolk, others are small and smudged. No two are alike. That’s the beauty of it.

We buy our eggs locally for a few reasons:

  1. We think they taste better than grocery store eggs—even the “organic” ones (which can sometimes have a “fishy” taste due to the amount of omega-3s they pump into the chickens and sing about on the label). They cost less than those store-bought organic eggs, too. We pay $2.50/dozen for medium-ish eggs and $3.50/dozen for large-to-enormous ones.
  2. The hens are pasture-raised, meaning they are treated kindly, eat bugs and grass, and roam freely. All of these conditions directly factor back into reason #1.
  3. Pastured eggs are much more nutritious than typical supermarket eggs, with 4 to 6 times as much vitamin D, 1/3 less cholesterol, 1⁄4 less saturated fat, 2⁄3 more vitamin A, 2 times more omega-3 fatty acids, 3 times more vitamin E, and 7 times more beta carotene (Mother Earth News).
  4. We like to support local agriculture.

When I first started buying and hard-boiling farm-fresh eggs, I would curse at myself every.single.time I went to peel them (the fresher an egg is, the harder it can be to peel). I’d lose half the white to the shell and have tiny shell pieces everywhere.

Then I read an article on Serious Eats about an easy way to boil eggs so that they peel without a problem. Instead of putting the eggs and water in a pot and bringing it all to a boil, you first boil the water and then add the eggs. Sounds ridiculously simple, I realize, but it has been completely revolutionary for me. I’ve probably boiled at least 100 eggs like this by now, and not a single one has stuck to the shell. The yolks also stay beautifully colored, and perfectly cooked (I like them tender, not chalky).

If you know someone who has chickens, or can find a local source, I don’t think you’ll regret picking up a dozen. Boil a couple off, toss them in the fridge, and hit ’em up all week long. I’ve yet to find a meal they don’t go with.

Dozen Eggs

Perfect Hard-Boiled Eggs

However many eggs as you like
Salt & pepper

Bring water to a boil in a large pot.

Take eggs straight from the fridge and carefully lower them into the pot with a spoon, taking care not to break them.

Lower heat to a low boil (this is a 6/10 on my burner) and set your timer for 10 minutes. Adjust the heat as needed while the eggs cook—it should be at constant simmer/low boil, meaning bubbles are constantly rising to the surface, but not so aggressively that they’re knocking the eggs around.

After 10 minutes, remove eggs and place in a bowl of ice water. Allow to cool for at least 15 minutes; if you want to eat them warm, just chill for 2 to 3 minutes instead.

Store in the refrigerator for up to 5 days. Sprinkle with good salt (I use Himalyan pink) and freshly ground pepper.

Eggs alongside an Indian breakfast of okra and paratha (whole-wheat flatbread).

Eggs alongside an Indian breakfast of okra and paratha (whole-wheat flatbread).

Golden (Turmeric) Milk

Turmeric Milk 2

Turmeric is trending right now. It may very well be the next quinoa. (You heard it here first.)

What is it? Turmeric is a bright yellow root that is used as a spice or seasoning. It’s typically available dried and powdered, though the fresh root is becoming more widely available as well (we get it at our regular grocery store these days!). It has a subtle flavor—warm, peppery, and a little astringent.

Why is it healthy? Turmeric is considered a superfood because it contains curcumin, a compound especially good at targeting inflammation, which is tied to a wide range of ailments, from cardiovascular disease, to Alzheimer’s, to PTSD (Time magazine). It’s also cited as a potential cancer-fighter, a remedy for colds and flu, a way to soothe stomachaches and indigestion, and more. Suraj remembers his grandmother applying it to his skin as a child to treat cuts and bruises (smart lady, as turmeric is indeed an antiseptic).

We use turmeric on near-daily basis in our kitchen, as it’s a staple of Indian cooking. Most curries and vegetable preparations get at least a pinch, and I also like to boil my vegetables in turmeric water (potatoes especially, as it gives them an especially vibrant color). I add a teaspoon or so to most soups and broths as well, as it has a very subtle/neutral flavor.

When we’re feeling under the weather, I make us this turmeric milk (also known as golden milk). Warmly spiced, creamy, and subtly sweet, it’s easy to love. We like to have a cupful after dinner, to settle the stomach/mind. It reminds me of one of those comforting foods you’d read about in a children’s book, like the three bears’ porridge, or bread & jam for Frances (anyone?). Golden milk for everyone! 

Turmeric Milk
If you don’t drink dairy, you can substitute coconut milk. It’s great that way too. I use fresh turmeric root (as in the above photo), but powder is fine too—just stir well after adding so it doesn’t clump. Jaggery is unrefined cane sugar; it’s in the top left portion of the bowl in the photo above. All of these items can easily be found at any Indian grocery… for much cheaper than the regular grocery store. Leave out any spices you don’t have—this recipe is certainly open to interpretation! 

2 cups whole milk
2-inch piece of fresh turmeric root, grated, or 1/2 teaspoon turmeric powder
1-inch piece of fresh ginger, sliced
1-inch piece of cinnamon stick
6 to 7 whole cardamom pods, crushed
1/2 teaspoon fennel seeds, crushed
2 small cloves
2 whole black peppercorns
2 to 3 teaspoons grated jaggery or honey, to taste

Place all ingredients except the jaggery/honey in a small saucepan. Bring to a low simmer (be careful not to let it boil, as it can quickly bubble up and scorch) and allow to simmer for just a minute or two. Remove from heat, cover, and allow to sit for at least 10 to 20 minutes to infuse flavors. Strain, discarding spices.

Add grated jaggery or honey, stirring to dissolve. Serve warm. Keeps in the fridge for about a week. Note that the color may become even more yellow over time—that’s the magic of turmeric.

Fresh turmeric root at a spice plantation we visited in Goa, India.

Fresh turmeric root at a spice plantation we visited in Goa, India.

Turmeric powder on sale at market in Bangalore, India. It's used as both a food and a dye.

Turmeric powder on sale at a market in Bangalore, India. It’s used as both a food and a dye.